About Jharkhand

Jharkhand (The land of the Forest) is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq. mi.).

The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka its sub-capital. Dhanbad is the largest industrial city in the state, while Jamshedpur and Bokaro Steel City are the second and fourth most populous cities respectively.

Jharkhand accounts for 40% of the mineral resources of India. The State is primarily a rural state as only 24 percent of the population resides in cities.

Location of Jharkhand

The 28th state of the Indian Union was brought into existence by the Bihar reorganization Act on November 15,2000- the birth anniversary of the legendary Bhagwan Birsa Munda. Jharkhand is famous for its rich mineral resources like Uranium, Mica, Bauxite, Granite, Gold, Silver, Graphite, Magnetite, Dolomite, Fireclay, Quartz, Fieldspar, Coal (32% of India), Iron, Copper (25%of India) etc. Forests and woodlands occupy more than 29% of the state which is amongst the highest in India.


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